Endurance training and ginger supplement on TSH,T3,T4, testosterone and cortisol hormone in obese men

Ali Reza Barari, Saeed Shirali

Abstract


Introduction: The aim of this study was the effect of 8 weeks endurance training with gingere xtract on some of anabolic and catabolic hormone in obese men students.

 Ma­terials & Methods: 32 of the male students at the University Khatamolanbiya as subjects in this study were selected and randomly divided into four groups: a control group, Ginger groups, training group and  training and Ginger group. The experimental group consisted of 8 weeks of endurance training three times a week. The dependent variable of this study is included TSH,T3,T4,testosterone and cortisol. Blood samples from after 12 hour fast and before and after 8 weeks (48 hours after the last training session) were collected.

Resut: the results showed that endurance  training  not significant  difference in  TSH and T3. but T4 mean  in pre and post test has shown that difference means are meaningful increase in extract and  train and extract groups. Of course testosterone mean  in pre and post test has meaningful increase in training  and training  and extract group. Also Comparison of testosterone means between groups showed that Endurance training  group compared to the  Ginger group and  training  and ginger groups were significantly different. But cortisol mean in pre test and post test has shown that difference means are meaningful decrease in training and extract group.

Conclusion: These results suggest that intensity and duration of the exercise training are important and an increase in accessible energy would result in a change in thyroid hormones levels.

Key word: endurance, ginger, hormones, obese


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi R, Balali Sh, Tavakoli P, Mafi M and Haji Gh(2013). levels of FSH, LH, testosterone and testicular tissue in rats. Feyz Journal of Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p225

Ahn YM, Kim SK, Lee SH, and et al(2010).Renoprotective effect of Tanshinone IIA, an active component of Ginger miltiorrhiza, on rats with chronic kidney disease. Phytother Res; 24(12):1886-92

Ali BH, Blunden G, Tanira MO, et al(2008). Some phytochemical, pharmaco-logical and toxicological properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe): a review of recent research. Food Chem Toxicol. 46:409-420.

Arash Khaki,1 Amir Afshin Khaki,1 Laleh Hajhosseini and et al(2014). The Anti-Oxidant Effects of Ginger and Cinnamon on Spermatogenesis Dys-function of Diabetes Rats. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med.11(4): 1–8.

Atashak S, Peeri M, Azarbayjani MA and et al(2011). Obesity-related cardiovas-cular risk factors after long-term endurance training and ginger supple-mentation. J Sports Sci Med. 10:685-691.

Ciloglu F, Peker I, Pehlivan A, and et al(2005). Exercise intensity and its effects on thyroid hormones. Neuro Endocrinology Letters 26 830-834.

Cindy v, Vale´rie, Luc D and et al(2006). Serum thyroid hormone concentrations and thyroglobulin autoantibodies in trained and non-trained healthy whippets. The Veterinary Journal 172 135–140.

Figen C, Ismail P, Aysel P, and et al(2005).Effect of acute endurance exercise on thyroid hormone values. Neuroendocrinol Lett; 26(6):830-834.

Gamal A, Mohamed Sabrin R.M. Ibrahim Ehab S and et al(2014).Natural anti-obesity agents. Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University. Volume 52, Issue 2, Pages 269–284

Grandys M(2009). Endurance training of moderate intensity increases testosterone concentration in young, healthy men. J Sports med, 30: 489-95.

Ha Ja(2010). Hormonal Response to exercise. World of sports science Rev, 34-435.

Kar A, Panda S, Bharti S( 2002).Relative efficacy of three medicinal plant extracts in the alteration of thyroid hormone concentration in male mice. J Ethnopharmacol;2:281-5.

Kianbakht S, Abasi B, Perham M, and et al(2011). Antihyperlipidemic Effects of Ginger L. Leaf Extract in Patients with Hyperlipidemia: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Phytother Res; 25(12): 1849-53.

Kota N, Krishna P, Polasa K( 2008). Alterations in antioxidant status of rats following intake of ginger through diet. Food Chem. 106:991e996.

Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA(2005). Hormonal responses and adaptations to endurance exercise and training. Sports Med; 35: 339-361.

Oboh G and Henle T( 2009).Antioxidant and inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of ginger leaves on pro-oxidant-induced lipid peroxidation in brain and liver in vitro. J Med Food; 12(1): 77-84.

Silva TS, Longui CA, Faria CD, and et al(2008). Impact of prolonged physical training on the pituitary glucocorticoid sensitivity determined by very low dose intravenous dexamethasone suppression test. Horm Metab Res 40: 718-721.

Smilios I, Pilliandis T, Karamouzis S(2003).Hormonal responses after various endurance exercise protocols.Med.Sic.Sports Exerc. 35:644-54.

Tremblay MS. Copeland JL, Van Helder, and et al(2005). Influence of exercise duration on post-exercise steroid hormone responses in trained males. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.505-513:94.

Zancan KC, Marques MOM, Petenate AJ, et al(2002). Extraction of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) oleoresin with CO2 and co-solvents: a study of the antioxidant action of the extracts. J Supercrit Fluids .24:57- 76.

Chashmpoosh M, Shirali S, Abyaz S, Shirali A. The effect of work shift and short sleep duration on hormonal changes in Ahvaz airport personals. Persian Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS), 2015, 2(3).

Shirali S, Daneghian S, Barari A, Masoumi H, Rezaee H, Rahimi R. The Effects of Six Weeks Plyometric Training and Mistletoe Supplementation on Changes of Cytokines Levels and Performance in Basketball Players. The AYER, 2015, 1(267-276).

Hosseini S, Gorjian M, Rasouli L, Shirali S. A Comparison between the Effect of Green Tea and Kombucha Prepared from Green Tea on the Weight of Diabetic Rats

Barari A, Ayatollahi A, Shirali S, Ghasemi M, Hosseini S, Ekrami A, Khandan Del A. Effect of Endurance and Resistance Training on Parameters Related to Sexual Function in Men. Medical Laboratory Journal, 2014, 8 (3)(47-53).

Ebrahimi E, Shirali S, Talaei R. The Protective Effect of Marigold Hydroalcoholic Extract in STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats: Evaluation of Cardiac and Pancreatic Biomarkers in the Serum. Journal of Botany, 2016.

Abyaz S, Shirali S. RDW as a Novel prognostic Marker in Diabetic Patients. Persian Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS), 2015, 2(3).

Shirali S., Bathaie S. Z., and Nakhjavani M., “Effect of crocin on the insulin resistance and lipid profile of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 27, no. 7, pp.1042–1047, 2013.

Shirali S., Bathaie S. Z., and Nakhjavani M. and Ashoori M., “Effects of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) aqueous extract on serum biochemical factors in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,” Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 2012, vol. 28, pp. 293–308.

S, Shojaee M, and Khandandel A,“Effect of eight-week consumption of purslane extract on peroxidane/antioxidant balance in women with type 2 diabetes,”Medical Laboratory Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1–7, 2014.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Home  Journals  Conferences  Store  Services  About Us  Contact Us